Des subventions aux études et de leur impact
|Titre||Des subventions aux études et de leur impact|
|Year of Publication||2008|
|Authors||Bouchard St-Amant, P-A.|
|Academic Department||Département des sciences économiques|
|Degree||Mémoire de maîtrise (Masters' Thesis)|
|Number of Pages||121 pages|
|University||Université du Québec à Montréal (UQÀM)|
I develop an overlapping generation model that exploit two empirical facts. First, an increase in tuition leads to a small decrease in enrollment. Second, siblings from educated parents have higher chances to enroll and succeed in university than those from uneducated parents. I then show that a subsidy to higher education is a pareto-improvement and that usual econometric techniques to estimate elasticity underestimate the global effect of a tuition subsidy.
I also study the impact of an exogenous increase in grants on graduation. Using a difference in difference technique, I show that an increase of 1000$ in grants given to students leads to an increase of 2.1% of the probability of graduation.
(full paper in french)